At the recent SOTS (Society for Old Testament Study) Centenary Meeting, held at King’s College, London, the team reviewed the aims and achievements of the project, and explained how they are making available new findings via the website (www.dqcaas.com). Together with the project’s anticipated publications, the network is also feeding data towards a new book series on the archaeology of the Qumran caves edited by J. B. Humbert and M. Fidanzio. The very first volume of this series (on Cave 11Q) will be appearing next year. To date, the team have concentrated on materials connected with Qumran Cave 1Q and 11Q. In regard to Cave 1Q, there has been a particular focus on the jars dispersed around the globe in various museums and collections. Cave 11Q linen has been radiocarbon dated with interesting results. The photographic collection of the Allegro archive in Manchester Museum is currently being digitised, and other archival materials elsewhere continue to be identified. The network investigators concluded by informing the audience that they are keen to hear from anyone with photographs and materials of the Qumran caves from the 1950s and 1960s.
In addition to digitising the extensive collection of photographs taken by John Allegro, a number of images feature in Judith Brown’s biography of her father, John Marco Allegro: The Maverick of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Grand Rapids, Michigan and Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans, 2005), which have also been made available to the Network. This picture of Professor Wright Baker, from the former Manchester College of Technology (now UMIST), shows him here in profile working on the Copper Scroll, complements the film footage which the project has digitised and made freely available on our recent post at https://dqcaas.com/2016/11/24/1953-film-of-cutting-open-of-the-copper-scroll
Approximately 1471 photographs of the initial excavations Khirbet Qumran and its vicinity, including the caves, were taken by John Marco Allegro, from his arrival in Jerusalem in October 1953 through to his ‘Search in the Desert’ work in the 1960s. This entire collection was donated to the Manchester Museum by Mrs Judith Brown. John Allegro’s daughter, and later made available as microfiche images published by George Brooke and Helen Bond: The Allegro Qumran Photograph Collection: Supplement to the Dead Sea Scrolls on Microfiche (ed. G. Brooke with H.K. Bond; Leiden, New York & Köln, E.J. Brill and IDC, 1996). As part of the project’s commitment to study archival documentation and photographs, these images are being digitized as part of the Network project’s activities by Sandra Jacobs.
Initial exploration of the following collections:
The Ronald Reed Archive at the John Rylands Museum, Manchester 11 August 2016, with Elizabeth Gow (Manuscript Curator and Archivist).Visit John Rylands Library Site
Allegro archive in the Manchester University Museum with Collections Access Officer Jamilla Hawa, together with Deputy Head of Collections and Curator of Archaeology Bryan Sitch. These included four boxes of Allegro photographs, largely composed of laminated black and white prints that have previously been made into microfiche images and annotated in the publication by George Brooke and Helen Bond.The Allegro Qumran Photograph Collection: Supplement to the Dead Sea Scrolls on Microfiche (ed. G. Brooke with H.K. Bond; Leiden, New York & Köln, E.J. Brill and IDC, 1996).
From the wealth of materials stored at the Palestine Exploration Fund: http://www.pef.org.uk/collections/, the following resources were examined over several visits:
- PEF minute books from 1936-1966.
- Uncatalogued slide collections.
- Reverend Robert Pitt Photographic Archives (nine boxes).
- BSAJ Minute Book (Kenyon Institute, formerly the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem), from 1946-1958.
The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs – Topography, Orthography, Hydrography, and Archaeology, Volume II Sheets VIL-XVL Samaria (London: Palestine Exploration Quarterly, 1882), which serves as a historical memoir of the early record of the site is also now available online at: http://archive.org/search.php?query=Survey%20of%20Western%20Palestine2Ceramic
See further photographs from Bart Wagemakers and Joan E. Taylor, “New Photographs of the Qumran Excavations from 1954 and Interpretations of L.77 and L.86,” in Palestine Exploration Quarterly Volume 143, No. 2 (July 2011): 134-156. http://www.pef.org.uk/qumran/